You've watched Mad Men and probably enjoyed the retro look of the Sterling Cooper ad agency. It bears little resemblance to today's modern office. Everything has changed from the location(s) of where we work, the hours, the people around us and the technology. Let's take a look at how we evolved from Don Draper to today.
Look How Far We Have Come! (Or Have We?)
Some evidence suggests the concept of office space dates as far back as ancient Rome, where Romans would conduct business from home offices. The dedicated space was known as the tablinum. (Perhaps then we should also credit the Romans with inventing the man cave!)
Fast forward to the 1950s and the state of the office was bleak. Paper and filing cabinets were everywhere. The lighting was drab. Don't believe us? Visit just about any government office for a working museum.
In the 1970s, monstrous floor to ceiling computers were the norm. A sad predecessor to today's coworking spaces was the advent of the cubical farm. While much was done manually, employees were not without technology - they had typewriters, Xerox machines, phones and overhead projectors. Yet these were a far cry from the office automation we enjoy today.
For better or worse, the digital office of today is a mobile beast that makes the old way look archaic and foreign. What else sets the modern corporate office design apart from those of the past? Here's a quick glance at some of the key differences:
- Always working
- Computers have diminished the admin profession
- Employees can now work from anywhere
- Better gender and racial diversity
- Office automation technology increases employee productivity
Diversity in the Workforce Over Time
In the 1960s, offices had little racial diversity. The only area of the office that had non-white employees was usually the mailroom. Only about 32% of the workforce was female, and a vast majority of their positions were administrative roles.
The women's liberation movement of the 1970s led to more women in the workplace. Affirmative action helped open up more occupations for women, changing the cultural mindset on gender specific jobs, but they still had plenty of obstacles—they lost their jobs if they got pregnant, they couldn't report sexual harassment and jobs were limited to gender specific roles. The leading occupations for women in the 1970s were as secretaries, bookkeepers, and elementary school teachers. Today you still see more women working in "women's" fields—dental assistants, nurses, school teachers—and secretarial positions are still female dominated.
The late 1980s saw the beginning of the diversity movement in offices. By the 1990s, many companies had instituted policies to prevent racial and gender biases in hiring and to try to bring in more diversity, including diversity and sensitivity training. By the 1990s, the workforce was 47% female, but women earned significantly less than their male counterparts.
Some of these challenges remain. 40 years after women entered the work force en masse, Just 5% of Fortune 500 CEOs are woman. Even worse, many working environments remain uncomfortable for minorities and women. These have been noted recently in the technology and Hollywood industries.
Productivity: Today Versus Yesterday
There is no doubt, worker productivity has been rising consistently since the World War II. Where the 1970s were riddled with 3 day work weeks, strikes and electricity shortages - stagflation, the 1980s saw mass adoption of PCs in the workplace. And even early mobile computing devices.
The world wide web became easily accessible in 1991. This created free flowing information. By 1996 more than 9 million people were using it daily - which sounds like a lot, until you consider that 4.1 billion used the Internet last year.
Today, we appreciate massive office automation advancements. Modern corporate office design is built for speed and flexibility. In an era of work/life integration, employees are pampered with perks and modern office furniture to keep them there longer.
In some scenarios, the office has gone away entirely. Global communications have allowed remote work part or full time. Freelancing for clients anywhere in the world and the mass adoption of coworking spaces have also increased worker productivity. As a nice benefit, these changes improve worker satisfaction while decreasing corporate liabilities and overhead.
Making Technology Work for You
In 2007, the moment that Apple introduced the iPhone, we entered the mobile computing era. This brought a plethora of advantages, including worker flexibility and "an app for that". It also brought a constant stream of distractions into the workplace. Some even worry that humans are beginning to work for our technology, instead of the other way around.
Here are some best practices for making the modern office work for you:
- When you find yourself or your team wasting time on repetitive tasks, automate it. An off-the-shelf product almost surely exists. From scheduling, paying bills to modern office reception, there are amazing tools. Most likely they can easily connect to your existing systems.
- Provide self help tools. Employees prefer to help themselves versus stopping to ask for help. Look for the most intuitive tools to avoid challenging learning curves.
- Find the bottlenecks and remove them. For example, you have two great tools for setting up social media posts for any network you have an account with. Both work much the same way and require the same amount of time, but one has more tools than the other. Do you really need both tools? Choose the one that works the best for you and let the others go.
- Make use of browser extensions. These extensions are powerful time savers. They can do anything automatically from saving passwords, to browsing for better prices, or finding content relative to the task at hand.
- Set goals and keep them simple. Smartphones are the perfect tools for helping you stay on task when you set reminders for yourself. Utilize the tools already installed. Sync calendars with reminders and deadlines. Set up emails with reminders and schedule them for release.
- When appropriate, turn all of the technology off. Use airplane mode when trying to focus. Create break areas and an office environment that focuses on human interaction. And make sure to rest and relax offline before going to bed.
- Focus your team on thoughtfulness over speed. This will produce better work and higher satisfaction.
Summary: A Peek Into Our Crystal Ball
As you can see, the office has changed vastly from decade to decade. Gone are the cubicles and floor to ceiling devices, replaced by portable and hand-sized digital work spaces. More opportunities arise as further growth allows more people to work remotely and more productively. There is no sign this trend will cease.
The workplace will become more global and more diverse. Put practices in place to ensure you find the best candidate regardless of their background. Consider initial resume reviews without anonymous names and hidden addresses. Pay people equally based on titles and give rewards based on results, not a theoretical outside market value.
You should constantly evaluate new technologies. Do not try to implement everything you see. Instead, look for areas to remove manual and administrative tasks so your team can focus on the highest value projects.
Now it's time to go back to the future.